A Beginner’s Guide to Understanding and Choosing the Perfect Gun Optics

If you are a gun owner, then you understand the importance of accuracy when shooting. A gun optic can help you achieve greater accuracy and aim at your target more quickly than with just standard iron sights. In this beginner’s guide, we will discuss the basics of gun optics and how to choose the perfect one for your firearm.

What are Gun Optics?

Gun optics are devices that are mounted onto firearms to improve accuracy and aim. They work by using a magnifying lens or a red dot to help you see your target more clearly. There are various types of gun optics, and they all offer different benefits.

The Different Types of Gun Optics

Red Dot Sights

Red dot sights are probably the most common type of gun optic. They offer a simple and intuitive design that helps you aim quickly and accurately. These types of sights project a red dot that appears on the target, allowing you to align your firearm to the dot and aim accurately. Red dot sights are great for shooting in low light conditions, and they can be used for both short and long-range targets.

Holographic Sights

Holographic sights work similar to red dot sights but offer a more advanced design. They use laser technology to project a reticle onto the target, which appears to float in the air, allowing for more precise aiming. Holographic sights are often used by law enforcement and the military because they are durable and can withstand extreme conditions.

Telescopic Sights

Telescopic sights, also known as rifle scopes, are designed for long-range shooting. They offer a magnified view of the target, allowing you to aim at your target from a distance. Rifle scopes are great for hunting and shooting competitions, and they come in a variety of magnification levels and reticle designs.

Iron Sights

Iron sights are the standard sights that come with most firearms. They consist of front and rear sights that you align with your eye to aim at your target. Iron sights are great for close-range shooting, but they can be challenging to use for long-range targets. You can, however, use iron sights as a backup to your primary gun optic in case of failure.

Factors to Consider when Choosing Gun Optics

When choosing a gun optic, there are several factors you should consider. These include:

Intended Use

The type of gun optic you choose will depend on your intended use. If you plan on shooting in low-light conditions or close-range targets, a red dot sight may be the best option. If you plan on long-range shooting, a telescopic sight may be better suited for your needs.


If you choose a telescopic sight, you will need to decide on the magnification level you need. Magnification levels range from 1x to over 20x. The higher the magnification, the more zoomed in your target will be.

Reticle Design

The reticle design of your gun optic is important because it helps you aim at your target. There are a variety of reticle designs available, including crosshairs, dots, and circles. Choose a reticle that you find easy to use.

Mounting Options

The mounting options of your gun optic will depend on the type of firearm you have. Some optics will require specific mounting options, while others are more universal.


Gun optics vary in price, and you will want to choose one that fits your budget. Keep in mind that more expensive optics often offer more advanced features and better quality construction.

Installing Gun Optics

Installing a gun optic is relatively easy, and most can be done at home with the right tools. It’s important to follow the manufacturer’s instructions when installing your gun optic to ensure it is mounted correctly and securely.

Tools Required

You will need a few tools to install your gun optic, including a screwdriver or Allen wrench, torque wrench, and Loctite (a thread-locking chemical).

Steps to Installation

1. Ensure that the firearm is unloaded and empty.
2. Remove the existing rear sight or mount from the firearm using the appropriate tools.
3. Attach the mounting base to the firearm using the provided screws, making sure to tighten the screws securely.
4. Attach the gun optic to the mounting base, making sure to align it with the firearm correctly. Tighten the screws securely.
5. Test the gun optic to make sure it is properly aligned and secure.

Caring for Your Gun Optics

Caring for your gun optic is essential to ensure it continues to function correctly and lasts for years to come. Here are some tips for caring for your gun optic:

Clean it regularly

Use a microfiber cloth to clean the lenses of your optic regularly. Avoid using harsh chemicals or abrasive materials that could scratch or damage the lens.

Store it properly

Storing your gun optic in a padded case will help protect it from damage and dust.

Avoid extreme temperatures

Extreme temperatures can damage your gun optic, so avoid leaving it in areas with extreme heat or cold.

Replace worn parts

If any parts of your gun optic become worn or damaged, they should be replaced as soon as possible to prevent further damage to the optic.


Choosing the perfect gun optic may seem overwhelming, but it doesn’t have to be. By considering your intended use, magnification, reticle design, mounting options, and price, you can find a gun optic that will improve your accuracy and aim. Once installed, be sure to care for your gun optic properly to ensure it continues to function correctly and last for years to come. With the right gun optic and proper care, you can take your shooting accuracy to the next level.